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Diabetes - Everything you need to know

Diabetes - Everything You Need To Know

Type 2 diabetes is a condition which is linked to increasing obesity rates and as a result, leads too much sugar in your blood. It can cause serious health problems with your eyes, heart and nerves if untreated. 

Symptoms include:

• excessive thirst

• tiredness

• weight loss

• blurred vision

With 3 in 5 adults in the UK overweight or obese, the number of sufferers diagnosed with diabetes stands at around 4.7 million people, which is set to continue climbing each year. By 2025 there will be an estimated 5 million living with the chronic condition across the UK; to put it another way, that’s 7.5% of the population. (https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/type-2-diabetes/)

However, it’s not all doom and gloom! There’s promising evidence that suggests type 2 diabetes is reversible. If normal blood sugar levels, up to 7.8mmol/L (2 hours after eating) can be reached and held without medication, then you’ve achieved remission. This isn’t quite the same as a cure, but it does mean that the associated health risks and complications are so much lower and you’re on a healthy path to reversing type 2 diabetes.

The single most effective way to improve your health, both physically and emotionally, is to lose the extra weight. There is no one-size fits all way, but a good starting point is to find a way to consume less calories than you need. General recommendations are 2500kCal a day for men and 2000kCal for women. Bear in mind these are guidelines only and how many calories you need depends on your metabolism and lifestyle. Regular exercise has many health benefits; whether it’s going for a swim, a walk or yoga, staying active makes all the difference when it comes to keeping type 2 diabetes at bay, or even reversing it. Combining a healthy eating plan with exercise is proven to have a positive impact on both mental and physical wellbeing.

If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, losing weight is a great first step to reversing the condition, or being in remission. Remember that there is no cure, so regular check-ups will be important to ensure you are remaining on top of your health. There are close to a million people in the UK with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes, so if you experience any of the classic symptoms you should get tested.